Maybe culturally accepted religious practice and the “return to Judeo-Christian values” many yearn for have done more harm than good to people’s pursuit of true holiness and understanding of the life of following Jesus.

Peter writes the following to Christians living in a society that did not regard Christianity any more highly than our own does:

“Beloved, I urge you as sojourners and exiles to abstain from the passions of the flesh, which wage war against your soul. Keep your conduct among the Gentiles honorable, so that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on m the day of visitation.” – 1 Peter 2:11–12

Peter’s imagery is poignant. Every Christian is a “sojourner” and “exile.” We live in a land not our own; our language, culture, goals, motives, and hopes are different than the inhabitants of this land. As ministers, we are the leaders of these sojourners and exiles modeling and helping God’s people live out their faith in this foreign land. Peter tells us how to model that well; on one hand, we “abstain from the passions of the flesh.” We do this by fighting sin and for holiness. For ministers, we lead others in the same. On the other hand, we don’t do this by hiding away from the world where God has sent us. Instead, God’s people live out our faith “among the Gentiles”—the first-century word for “not God’s people”! That means we display our true hope in Jesus and declare the gospel in the midst of that society that doesn’t believe in either, and for ministers, we lead others in the same.

Several years ago, I attended a conference session called “For the City.” The presenters—a local church pastor and a non-profit leader who partnered with that church—described four different postures that ministries and leaders often take toward their mission field.

  • In the city: This posture simply exists in a certain locality but has little impact on it; this leads to apathy toward the world God sent them into.
  • Against the city: This posture has a mentality that says the church is good, and the city is bad. This leads to isolation from the world God sent them into.
  • Of the city: This posture look so much like the city that the gospel seems to make no difference; this leads to being taken over by the world God sent them into.
  • For the city: This posture seeks the shalom of the city or its overall welfare, which is found most fully in Jesus; this leads to a deep care for the world God sent them into.

The world around us is broken. Sin and disbelief in God run rampant. Idols seem to be erected every day. Rather than run from the souls God put us in the midst of, rather then give up our convictions and live like the culture around us, and rather than apathy toward the brokenness we see, we must lead our people to engage it—no matter how hard.

GOD’S MISSION: THIS CULTURE

The US Supreme Court’s 2015 ruling for same-sex marriage prompted an outcry from conservative American Christians. This may be overstated, but the theme of the mourning and anger (against both God and man) seemed to be that there had never been anything as evil or reprobate anywhere on earth or at any point in history.

Canadian pastor Carey Nieuwhof responded to the American outcry with a blog post outlining five poignant perspectives from ministering in one of the twenty-plus nations where similar laws had already been passed. His words are a helpful case study as we consider answering the needs that exist in our culture today:

  • The Church has always been counter-cultural: Regardless of your theological position, all your views as a Christian are counter-cultural and always will be. If your views are cultural, you’re probably not reading the Scriptures closely enough.
  • It’s actually strange to ask non-Christians to hold Christian values: Non-Christians usually act more consistently with their value system than you do. Chances are they are better at living out their values than you or I are. Jesus never blamed pagans for acting like pagans, but he did speak out against religious people for acting hypocritically.
  • You’ve been dealing with sex outside of traditional marriage for a long time: If you believe gay marriage is not God’s design, you’re dealing with the same issue you’ve been dealing with all along—sex outside of its God-given context. You don’t need to treat it any differently.
  • The early church never looked to the government for guidance: Rather than asking the government to release him from prison, Paul wrote letters from prison talking about the love of Jesus Christ. Instead of looking to the government for help, Paul and Jesus looked to God.
  • Our judgment of LGBT people is destroying any potential relationship: You were saved by grace. Your sins are simply different than others. Honestly, in many respects, they are the same. People don’t line up to be judged, but they might line up to be loved.

Nieuwhof says in his opening, “Even the first 72 hours of social media reaction [since the decision was publicized] has driven a deeper wedge between Christian leaders and the LGBT community Jesus loves (yes, Jesus died for the world because he loves it).”

I mention the 2015 decision and Nieuwhof’s response, not because of the issue itself, but for two reasons. First, it’s simply one example among many of our shifting culture. Second, it contrasts typical responses that ministers—and Christians in general—can have with some examples of thoughtful, biblical truths. Jesus’ followers need to be reminded of these as we learn to wrestle with our status as “sojourners and exiles” in a land not our own. Similar truths are needed for every issue, sin, and struggle—in our own lives and in society.

The response to an increasingly-pluralistic culture isn’t to retreat; it’s to advance. Christians are light into the darkness, ministers of reconciliation, humble servants of God and man, lovers of neighbors and enemies, and priests who declare the excellencies of Jesus to the world around us. Ministers must lead others to live as if that’s all true.

POINTING OUR CULTURE TO THE ONE TRUE ANSWER

May I close this by musing a bit? Maybe Christianity truly is losing a cultural war. But maybe—just maybe—we have the wrong view altogether, and the realities of a shifting culture are awakening a giant who’s been sleeping since the days of Constantine. Maybe Christendom actually cheapened the true faith and life Christians are called to live. Maybe Christian values were never intended to thrive as an interwoven reality with government. Maybe culturally-accepted religious practice and the “return to Judeo-Christian values” many yearn for have done more harm than good to people’s pursuit of true holiness and understanding of the life of following Jesus.

The second chapter of Peter’s first letter—right after Peter charges Christians to live out their faith in the midst of people who disregarded and even hated them—specifically tells us that part of this counter-cultural life is submitting to the authority of “every human institution, whether it be to the emperor or to governors [or even] to your masters”—even when they’re “unjust” (2:13–18). First Peter 3 tells us that a Christian view of marriage is different than that of a pleasure-seeking world, who pursues its own definition and expression of beauty and self-fulfillment (3:1–7). The rest of Peter’s letter explains that Christians will suffer, for our views and our lives look different than those around us. We’ll be rejected, persecuted, and hated by the very people among whom God calls us to live out our faith.

If we didn’t know better, we might think these words were written about today’s society. Yet they were written 2,000 years ago to Christians like you and me, sent to a culture unlike their own just like you and me, and called to display and declare the gospel to that culture just like you and me, so that “they may see your good deeds and glorify God”—so that God might use our lives, lived publicly for Him, to draw some to Himself.

The truth of Peter’s words—to Christians then and now—is that Christians are free to follow human authorities because our hope lies in One True Authority. We can hold a biblical view of marriage because we realize it reflects something far greater than ourselves. We can suffer well, even for the sake of others, because we know we follow a true King who suffered on our behalf!

“What’s the world coming to?!” It’s coming to the same place as always, but rarely known: a desperate need for Jesus. While that need may have seemed hidden, subtle, or buried during Christendom’s reign over our culture, the need is becoming more and more clear (if it isn’t already). Who are we, ministers? We are God’s missionaries, and we have the answer to every need of the culture in which we exist. Let’s go into the darkness and by God’s grace help our world find the answer to its every need.

Excerpted from A Pastor’s Guide for Everyday Mission by Ben Connelly


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  • Dennis

    I’ve thought quite a bit about these things, and I agree with much of what’s written here. I really enjoyed the simple stating of the 4 postures (attitudes) the church can take toward their city. That being said, I have a serious question I’d like to ask for a response: As followers of Jesus we’re clearly involved in a counter-culture (“Kingdom of God”) to the culture we see here in the U.S., although we have citizenship in both Heaven and earth. Since we have the “right” (some would say “responsibility”) in this nation to vote for the passing of certain laws, which perspective should we vote from: from the perspective of ‘unbelievers’ who would expand their “rights” for things that would be clearly, biblical sins (since you stated “It’s actually strange to ask non-Christians to hold Christian values”), or, should we vote with a perspective as followers of Jesus who condemned sin wherever he saw it (in both religious leaders and political leaders)?

    I truly want your viewpoint on this. To compare the Roman Empire (under which Peter lived) with the U.S. government (under which I live) seems like comparing apples and oranges. Their “voting rights” we’re very limited (and the process certainly corrupt); our “voting rights” are very broad (the degree of corruption is debatable). .

    Please take a moment and give your perspective on this, it would be greatly appreciated.

  • Hi Dennis. I apologize for the delay; thank you for your patience as my family & I transitioned into summer season.

    My response would be that our identity in Christ must always be foundational for anything we do: Peter’s first epistle lays a strong foundation of the gospel, then considers differing areas of life & explains that our “gospel lens” must inform how we look at and live out each: from marriage (which the world sees as self-benefitting but in Christ we see as a metaphor of mutual sacrifice & sanctification), to submission to leaders (which others see as conditional but in Christ we’re free to, because of God’s sovereignty), to leadership positions, to suffering, & on & on.

    I use 1 Peter to illustrate the point that our identity, & thus first posture/stance/position/etc. must be as sons & daughters of God. Anything beyond that (whether earthly identifies – for lack of a better term, like spouse, parent, family member, nationality, etc – or roles we play – like our job titles, etc) must be carried out through the lens of that primary identity. To be specific, we should be unwavering in our commitment to vote as Christians. However, we must also be loving & gracious, engaging our culture who (increasingly?) doesn’t vote through that same lens – those are the people we can’t “expect” (which maybe a better word than “ask” in the original article; my apologies if “ask” was confusing in the sentence you reference) to uphold a value system (ours) that they don’t describe to.

    In short, in the US or otherwise, believers vote (if allowed to) as believers, and fight for our beliefs within the constraints of the earthly authorities we’re called to submit to – as long as our authorities don’t *force* beliefs/actions upon us that would go against obeying God. And as believers, we also love those who didn’t vote/don’t believe/wouldn’t live like we did. Does that help? Thank you for your thoughtful question & thanks again for your patience in my delayed reply.

  • Dennis

    Thank you for your response, it’s greatly appreciated.

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